Cascade Outreach Framework
This is an outreach framework designed to promote diversity, inclusivity, relatable role-modeling while training a new generation of scientists in communication and leadership skills.
Globally, prominent scientists are often promoted as role models to young people. After winning some award for their science, thus recognised scientists are often propelled into the public eye, with the aim to inspire the younger generation to study science. There is little evidence however, that this has a real impact on young people’s career choices and it is known that once-off interventions don’t automatically have a lasting impact. It is known, however, that role modelling is very impactful. The cascade outreach framework is based on the premise that:
Role models need to be relatable to those they engage, much more than they need to be considered accomplished by their peers in the field.
By taking a people-centered approach, we increase the pool and the diversity of role models, train and give outreach experience to young scientists as they become role models to their younger peers, and lighten the load placed on well-established minority scientists who are disproportionately asked to represent their science as efforts are made to diversify the field. This is particularly relevant in the South African context, where there is a need to transform science and make it more inclusive and representative of the people.
These are some of the challenges faced by South African science that are addressed by the Cascade Outreach framework.
The framework is applicable far beyond just IDIA and we invite scientific institutions to adopt it in their outreach work.
South Africa: A double opportunity
South Africa has chosen to invest in astronomy, making the most of its geographical advantage, and based on the belief that this would help develop the country. For this, we strive to develop and nurture students in a competitive field of science and deliver, in human capital, an invaluable return on the country’s investment.
Most graduate students are first generation students. Often, they come from modest backgrounds and recognise the chain of events that led to their becoming scientists. They are eager to give back and therefore, most outreach is spontaneous. We thus adopt a supportive approach and help our students become the role models they already are, sometimes without suspecting it.
Here are some ways in which you can implement the Cascade Outreach Framework:
- Established researchers
Always take a younger researchers along to events and share their speaking time, or pass on the opportunity all together. You are the headliner, but your student will steal the show!
- Global exposure
If you have a request from international media, feature your students rather than yourselves
- High school mentorship
Give opportunities to graduate students to go to their home high schools and mentor learners. This comes in the form of time off, a little bit of funding to print some outreach resources, maybe, and make sure this counts positively towards the students assessments.
- Informal networking opportunities, e.g. women in science
Whether during a conference/workshop or during the academic year, create safe spaces where undergraduates are able to network with graduates, junior lecturers and others, e.g. entrepreneurs, in an informal setting, where relationships are not of authority and personal journeys are shared.
- Science Summer Schools
Support students who want to run science and mathematics support initiatives during school holidays. This can come in the form of moderate amounts of funding that tend to enable a lot of good work. Again, making sure this counts towards the students’ assessments.
- Teaching Assistantships for undergraduates supporting feeder school programmes
Undergraduates can grow on a personal level by being put in a position of responsibility. If your institution has support programmes, such as AP Physics, enrolling undergraduates who show potential as teaching assistants can accelerate their growth and they will have a strong impact on the learners coming in for the programme.
- Established researchers
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